From Manila, the City of Baguio can be accessed either by land or air transportation. Prior to the big earthquake of 1990 and the destruction of roads & railroads due to floods and the uncontrollable flow of "lava" from Mt. Pinatubo, it was also possible to travel to Baguio by a combination of rail and land transportation.
The City can be reached through three main access roads emanating from three towns in the province of La Union, namely:
1. Kennon Road from Rosario
2. Marcos Highway from Agoo
3. Naguilian Road from Bauang
Following are the different modes of transportation which are available to visitors and residents travelling to or from Baguio:
Loakan Airport in Baguio is about 20 minutes by car south of the city. Because of the length of the runway, commercial jet aircraft are not able to use the airport. The airport is only used by propeller-driven aircraft. Currently, Asian Sirit flies daily to and from Manila, a 50 minute flight. Flights to Baguio are scheduled only in the morning, as visibility approaches zero in afternoons when fog starts to form.
There are daily flights from the domestic airport of Manila to the Loakan Airport in Baguio. The flying time is about 50 mins. Departures from Manila are at 9:15 a.m. and one arrives in Baguio at 10:05 a.m. The return flight departs Baguio at 10:30 a.m. and arrives Manila at 11:20 a.m.
Commercial jet aircraft are not able to land at the Loakan Airport since it has a runway which is of limited length. Flights to Baguio are usually scheduled in the morning as visibility approaches zero in the afternoon when the fog starts to move in and cover most of the area surrounding the airport’s mountainous location.
The airport is about 20 minutes by car south of Baguio and close to Fort Del Pilar where the Philippine Military Academy is located. From downtown Baguio you can take either Loakan Road or Kennon Road when going to the airport.
International airport tax is PHP550.00 per adult/child. Infants below 2 years of age as well as Filipino oversea's workers holding an Overseas Employment Certificate (OEC) are exempt.
It takes an average of six hours to travel the 250-km distance between Manila and Baguio by way of Kennon Road. It is about fifteen minutes longer through the Jose D. Aspiras (Marcos) Highway and could take three more hours when going through Naguilian Road. Kennon Road is occasionally blocked by landslides during the rainy season and the same problem occurs on the other two access roads. The route to Baguio through Kennon Road is as scenic as it is dangerous. There is another access to Baguio from Aritao in the province of Nueva Vizcaya but this is less traveled, the road is not well maintained, and public transportation through this route is not as regular. Another road, Halsema Road (also known as "Mountain Trail") leads north through the mountainous portion of the Cordillera Autonomous Region. It starts at the northern border of Baguio, in the Municipality of Trinidad (Trinidad Valley).
There are several bus lines linking Baguio with Manila and Central Luzon, and provinces such as Pangasinan, La Union, and those in the Ilocos region. Most transportation companies also offer express and air-conditioned buses at a much higher fare.
Bus services that ply Baguio include Philippine Rabbit, Dangwa Tranco, Dagupan Bus, Victory Liner, Partas, Genesis, Saulog Transit, and Greenland.
By Car Cars are easy enough to rent in Baguio and outlying areas as well as in Manila so getting around under one's own steam, is relatively easy. Car rentals, with or without driver are readily available at the airport, hotels and through local independent services.
By bus It takes an average of five hours to travel the 250 km distance between Manila and Baguio by way of Kennon Road. It is about two hours longer through Marcos Highway and could take three more hours when going through Naguilian Road. Currently, Kennon Road is not open to passenger busses and they either pass through Marcos Highway or Naguilian Road.
Kennon Road is occasionally blocked by landslides during the rainy season and the same problems also occur on the other two access roads. There is another access to Baguio from Aritao in the province of Nueva Vizcaya but this is less travelled, the road is not well maintained, and public transport via this route is not regular.
There are several busses linking Baguio with Metro Manila & Central Luzon, and provinces such as Pangasinan, La Union, and the Ilocos region. Departures of regular buses from Manila & Baguio are quite frequent starting from 5:00 a.m. up to 6:00 p.m. Most transportation companies also offer express and air-conditioned buses at a much higher fare. Different departure schedules are available during the day and some of these buses leave Manila or Baguio at 10:00 p.m. and midnight and they usually arrive at their destination inn the early dawn just before breakfast time.
Note that there is no central bus station in Metro Manila and in Baguio City and the different bus companies maintain their respective terminals at different locations in both cities.
During the early 50's and late 60's, first class rail transportation was another popular option taken by tourists and other travellers going to and from Baguio, but unfortunately the 1990 earthquake in the area put paid to this choice of transport and at the time of writing the rail link has not been repaired or replaced.